4 how do the views about human nature of mencius kao tzu and the others in this from phil 208 at university of idaho. Mencius: mencius, early chinese philosopher whose development of orthodox confucianism earned him the title second sage chief among his basic tenets was an emphasis on the obligation of rulers to provide for the common people. Man's true rootsin hsun tzu's, man's nature is evil the author explains why the human characteristics are wicked the author uses basic illustrations of people's jealousy and envy to prove that human nature is truly evil. Mencius assign environment as an important factor to change human nature to bad or keep being good, and culture and learning can help people to keep their good nature to behave in the good way hsun tzu believes that environment is important too, bad environment can lead people to develop their bad nature good environment , culture and.
What is mencius' theory of human nature created date: 20160808003626z. Mencius and hsun tzu rooted their confucian perspectives in divergent conceptions of human nature this difference led them to alternative formulations of their views, suggesting a contrast greater than may have been the case. This lesson will focus on the teachings of hsun-tzu in doing so, it will explore how his philosophies on the nature of man differ from those of confucius and mencius. In xunzi's case, he means the human way, the way of good government and the proper way of behaving, not the way of heaven or nature as laozi and zhuangzi define it, and as mencius often suggests in fact, xunzi is notable for having probably the most rationalistic view of heaven and the supernatural in the early period.
The difference between hsun tzu, who believed in the evilness of human nature (although intelligence that enabled learning could overcome that) and mencius, who believed human nature is good, according to de bary, partly lies in their different circumstances. Check out our top free essays on mencius hsun tzu views on human nature to help you write your own essay. Confucianism similarities mencius vs xun zi -both philosophers during the eastern zhou period or the classical age -characterized human nature -influence in politics mencius or meng xi (372-289 bc) mencius' point of view -didn't stray far from confucius's original teachings.
In this era, mencius and hsun tzu theories about human nature have gained recognition the two theories have opposing views about human nature in his theory, mencius stated that human nature is good. 1 5 10 15 20 25 30 human nature by mencius kao tzu said: the nature of man may be likened to the willow tree, whereas righteousness may be likened to wooden cups and wicker baskets. Mencius, an ancient chinese humanitarian philosopher, claims that human are born with a good heart, while another ancient chinese philosopher, xunzi, argues that evil is inherent in human nature the representative chinese philosopher for the goodness of human nature is menius, or 孟子 in chinese.
Because of the fact that human nature tends to evil, we cannot expect people to take to virtue with ease or joy as mencius thought therefore, people will first realize that morality has instrumental value, that to be moral is in our own self-interest. The views of mencius and hsun-tzu on heaven mencius believes that it is our nature and mind that determine what we are it is our fate that governs our fortunes and determines our lease on life fate was originally a patent to a fief-holder, given by the son of heaven as heaven's deputy to a. What is human nature is human nature good or bad can human nature be good even if the world contains some notably bad people matthew walker (yale-nus college) looks at the views of the early confucian thinker mengzi (mencius.
Mencius and hsün tzu on human nature i mencius' claim regarding the goodness of human nature 2a6 mencius said, all men have the mind which cannot bear [to see the suffering of] others. Xunzi and the ancient chinese philosophical debate on human nature xunzi (hsun tzu, ca 310-ca 215 bce) presents funeral ritual, that is, ancestral rites. Mencius and hsun tzu, two of his prominent successors, held different views on human nature, mencius arguing that it contained the seeds of goodness, and hsun tzu that, in its uncultivated state, human nature tended to evil.
View mencius & hsun tzu on human nature - reading response #3 from business 319 at michigan state university surname1 name: course: tutor: date: explain the main differences between mencius and hsun. 1 xun zi / hsun tzu 荀子 1， overview hsun tzu or xunzi is usually considered as one of the two divergent tendencies in ancient confucianism: one is mencius' idealistic confucianism and the other xunzi's. Start studying mencius vs hsun tzu learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools search mencius' view on human nature. Hsun tzu disagreed with mencius in saying that man's good acts are results of conscious effort rather than their nature he claimed that nature is what is given from heaven and cannot be learned or acquired through effort.